Florida CDL Handbook: Cargo Needing Special Attention
3. Transporting Cargo Safely
3.4.1 Dry Bulk
Dry bulk tanks require special care because they have a high center of gravity, and the load can shift. Be extremely cautious (slow and careful) going around curves and making sharp turns.
3.4.2 Hanging Meat
Hanging meat (suspended beef, pork, lamb) in a refrigerated truck can be a very unstable load with a high center of gravity. Particular caution is needed on sharp curves such as off ramps and on ramps. Go slowly.
Livestock can move around in a trailer, causing unsafe handling. With less than a full load, use false bulkheads to keep livestock bunched together. Even when bunched, special care is necessary because livestock can lean on curves. This shifts the center of gravity and makes rollover more likely.
3.4.4 Oversized Loads
Over-length, over-width, and/or overweight loads require special transit permits. Driving is usually limited to certain times. Special equipment may be necessary such as "wide load" signs, flashing lights, flags, etc. Such loads may require a police escort or pilot vehicles bearing warning signs and/or flashing lights. These special loads require special driving care.
Test Your Knowledge
- What four things related to cargo are drivers responsible for?
- How often must you stop while on the road to check your cargo?
- How is Gross Combination Weight Rating different from Gross Combination Weight?
- Name two situations where legal maximum weights may not be safe.
- What can happen if you don't have enough weight on the front axle?
- What is the minimum number of tiedowns for any flat bed load?
- What is the minimum number of tiedowns for a 20-foot load?
- Name the two basic reasons for covering cargo on an open bed.
- What must you check before transporting a sealed load?
These questions may be on the test. If you can't answer them all, re-read Section 3.